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Masoud Arghavani

مسعود ارغوانی، عزیزالله خیری، سعيده سوادكوهي
ثر ترینگزاپک اتیل بر محتوای فیتوشیمیایی گیاه مرغ
Effect of trinexapac-ethyl on phytochemical content of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Family: Poaceae), is a perennial grass distributed all over Iran. It has been extensively used in traditional medicines to treat varied ailments such as, hysteria, cough, headache, diarrhea, cramps, edema, dysentery, hemorrhage, hypertension and stones urogenital disorders [1]. Bermudagrass is a rich source of metabolites such as proteins, carbohydrates, mineral constituents, -sitosterol, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides and triterpenoides [2]. Trinexapac-ethyl (TE) is a popular plant growth regulator in the turfgrass industry that inhibits gibberellic acid (GA) biosynthesis and effectively reduces leaf elongation [3]. The objective of this pot greenhouse experiment was to investigate if applications of foliar TE would result in benecial phytochemical changes in Bermuda grass. TE treatments (0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1 g a.i. /100 m2) were applied biweekly over 8 weeks period. Data on leaves total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC), chlorophyll, flavonoids, soluble protein and shoot growth were determined at the end of experiment. The results indicate that leaf TNC, chlorophyll, flavonoids and protein content increased with increasing TE application rate; however, no remarkable difference existed in levels of leaf flavonoids between TE0.75 and TE1 treatments. Trinexapac-ethyl consistently reduced shoot growth. Greater suppression occurred in TE1, where clipping production was approximately 50% less than TE 0.75 treatment. Considering the sharp decline in shoot growth at high TE rate application, We concluded that moderate TE application is more efficient in improving phytochemical concentration of bermudagrass.



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