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Ali Soleimani

Mortaza Soleimani Aghdam; Roghayeh Mahmudi; Farhang Razavi; Vali Rabiei; Ali Soleimani
Hydrogen sulfide treatment confers chilling tolerance in hawthorn fruit during cold storage by triggering endogenous H2S accumulation, enhancing antioxidant enzymes activity and promoting phenols accumulation
Abstract


Cold storage as the postharvest beneficial procedure has been used for retaining sensory and nutritional quality and extending postharvest life of hawthorn fruit. However, fruit chilling injury (CI) manifested by pitting is a dominant restriction for applying cold storage for hawthorn fruit. In this experiment, the impacts of postharvest hydrogen sulfide (H2S) fumigation releasing from 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5mM H2S donor NaHS on chilling injury manifesting by pitting and nutritional quality of hawthorn fruit during storage at 1°C for 20 days was evaluated. Our results revealed that 1.5mM H2S donor NaHS treatment remarkably ameliorated fruit chilling injury, which was accompanied by lower malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation. Hawthorn fruit in response to H2S donor NaHStreatmentshowedremarkablyhigherendogenousH2Saccumulationbytriggering L-cysteinedesulfhydrase (LCD) and D-cysteine desulfhydrase (DCD) enzymes activity, which coincided with higher reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity give rise to lower H2O2 accumulation. In addition, hawthorn fruit treated with H2S showed remarkably higher phenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins accumulation by triggering phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) enzyme activity. Higher DPPH scavenging activity in hawthorn fruit treated with H2S donor NaHS arise from higher phenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins and ascorbic acid accumulation. According to our results, postharvest 1.5mM H2S donor NaHS applying may be considered as a beneficial procedure not only for conferring chilling tolerance of hawthorn fruit by triggering endogenous H2S accumulation, enhancing ROS scavenging enzymes activity and promoting phenols accumulation which arecrucial for maintaining membraneintegrity, butalso for preserving nutritional quality of hawthorn fruit during cold storage.  

 

 

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