view:27619 Last Update: 2021-9-5
Ebrahimi-Ghiri M*, Nasehi M, Zarrindast MR
Anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of ACPA and harmaline co-treatment.
Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common illnesses and a close relationship between them has been found. Because the psychotropic effects and abuse liability of cannabis prevent its therapeutic application in depression and anxiety states, we decided to investigate the effects of the combination of ineffective doses of cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist arachidonylcyclopropylamide (ACPA) and β-carbolines on anxiety- and depression-related behaviors in male NMRI mice. Anxiety- and depression-related behaviors were assesses using elevated plus maze (EPM) and forced swim test (FST), respectively. Intraperitoneal administration of ACPA (1 mg/kg) decreased the percentage of time spent in the open-arms (%OAT) and the number of entries to the open-arms (OAE) in the EPM, indicating an anxiogenic-like effect. ACPA also decreased immobility time in the FST compared to the control group, suggesting an antidepressant-like effect. β-carbolines including harmane (5 and 10 mg/kg), norharmane (5 mg/kg) and harmaline (2.5 and 5 mg/kg) produced an anxiogenic-like response, while the highest dose of harmane or harmaline and the middle dose of norharmane induced an antidepressant-like behavior. Furthermore, co-administration of a subthreshold dose of ACPA (0.5 mg/kg) and harmaline (1.25 mg/kg), but not harmane or norharmane (both at the dose of 2.5 mg/kg), caused anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like behaviors and decreased locomotor activity. Our findings suggest a therapeutic potential for combined ineffective doses of ACPA and harmaline on anxiety- and depression-related processes