view:17534 Last Update: 2018-11-26
مهرداد سلطانی، سعید رحمانی
احیای زندگی پیاده شهری در کالبد مجموعه بازارهای تاریخی ایران
Revival of urban walking life within the framework of Iran's historical bazaars
One of the major problems of today's urbanization is the high dependence on cars and the reduction of pedestrian movement. Bazaar and its traditional joint spaces such as inns and mosques were the basic elements of spatial organization of the historical cities of Iran. Nowadays, despite many sufferings, bazaars are still among few opportunities in which pedestrian urban life may be revived. Although these unique urban spines have almost lost their original features and longtime role in the structures of Iranian cities, because of their fundamental nature, physical arrangements and exceptional historical/social function, by accurate planning, they can still become the main axes in the on foot life of cities. The coexistence of open and semi-open spaces in bazaars is the most significant potential in this regard. The inns (sara) and innyards that do not have their past usages can become the appropriate basis of modern pedestrian life, complying with new conditions of human life. In addition to supplying the needs of local citizens they can help to develop the urban tourism. This paper, in addition to reasoning and explaining the above argument, will review and analyze bazaar and historic fabric of the city of Bukhara, as a successful example in line with the above hypothesis and the possibility of its realization in Zanjan.