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Ali Shams

Razmi, H. and Shams, A.
Identifying and Explaining the Role of Local Family Poultry in the Livelihoods of Rural Households in Maragheh Township

Local family poultry husbandry has a major contribution to improving the economic situation of poor rural households in developing countries. Identifying the status of this production system and attempting to plan its improvement requires a deep and qualitative study of this system. This qualitative research was conducted to identify and explain the role of local poultry farming system in rural household livelihoods. The purposeful sampling method for selecting samples and the process of selecting women to achieve theoretical saturation led to the study of 17 units. The method of data collection was in-depth interviews and in-person interviews using the technique of taking note and recording the voice of rural women. Also, by implementing seven focused group interviews (groups of 5-8 people), the necessary information was gathered. The results showed that local family poultry farming has four main components needed for sustainable food security and this system has an important role in providing of food security for the health of vulnerable rural populations. As well, the results showed that family poultry husbandry has been effective in helping to family economy, promoting social status of the family, improving human assets, increasing the ability and skills of women and children, increasing the sense of satisfaction and mental relaxation and sustainable use of natural resources. As a final result it was concluded that a part of household livelihoods is provided by this productive system.



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