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Jafar Ghazanfarian

Behrad Zeinali, Jafar Ghazanfarian, Bamdad Lessani,
Janus Surface Concept for Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flows

Three-dimensional numerical simulations of turbulent flow over a partial super-hydrophobic cylinder, hereinafter referred to as the “Janus cylinder”, are performed using large-eddy simulation (LES) with OpenFOAM solver. The slip-wall velocity at the super-hydrophobic surface is evaluated from a third-type (Robin) boundary condition whose coefficient is adjusted based on the available experimental data. Compared to no-slip smooth cylinder, the Janus cylinder has a lower drag coefficient and a lower root-mean-square (rms) lift coefficient, whereas its dominant vortex shedding frequency is higher. The power density distribution of the oscillations, obtained from the Fourier transform of the time-history of the lift coefficient, of the Janus cylinder has a less-sharp and broader distribution compared to the one of the smooth cylinder. No significant difference is observed between the wall shear stress distributions of a Janus cylinder, where super-hydrophobic surface covers only the frontal half of the cylinder, and a totally super-hydrophobic cylinder. This helps the potential manufacturers to reduce the manufacturing costs by partially processing the surface while achieving the highest possible drag reduction.



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