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Hossein Safari

Nastaran Farhang, Michael S. Wheatland, and Hossein Safari  
Energy Balance in Avalanche Models for Solar Flares  
Abstract


  The distributions of solar flare energies and waiting times have not been described simultaneously by a single physical model, yet. In this research, we investigate whether recent avalanche models can describe the distributions for both the released energies and waiting times of flares in an active region. Flaring events are simulated using the modified Lu and Hamilton model and also the optimized model. Applying a probability balance equation approach, we study the statistics of the simulated flaring events and investigate the origin of the observed power law in the flare frequency-size distribution. The results indicate that the power law originates in the distribution of transition rates (the distribution of the probabilities of transitions between different energies) rather than the distribution of the energy of the active region. It is also observed that the waiting-time distribution of simulated flaring events follows a q-exponential function, which approximates a simple Poisson distribution. The distributions of solar flare energies and waiting times have not been described simultaneously by a single physical model, yet. In this research, we investigate whether recent avalanche models can describe the distributions for both the released energies and waiting times of flares in an active region. Flaring events are simulated using the modified Lu and Hamilton model and also the optimized model. Applying a probability balance equation approach, we study the statistics of the simulated flaring events and investigate the origin of the observed power law in the flare frequency-size distribution. The results indicate that the power law originates in the distribution of transition rates (the distribution of the probabilities of transitions between different energies) rather than the distribution of the energy of the active region. It is also observed that the waiting-time distribution of simulated flaring events follows a q-exponential function, which approximates a simple Poisson distribution.  

 

 

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